Clifton Hot Springs & Spa, 1938
Located on the San Francisco River in eastern Arizona, Clifton is one of the oldest settlements in the state. While Clifton was probably located here because of the natural hot springs, no one at the time knew the huge Morenci copper ore body was close by. That ore body led to the establishment of the company town of Morenci (Phelps Dodge Corporation), which was eventually swallowed by the open pit mine that is now 3 miles long and 2 miles wide. So then New Morenci was built, right up a steep and winding road above Clifton. No one knows if New Morenci will survive or eventually also be swallowed by that huge open pit. But Clifton is the town next door, the non-union, non-company town where folks go for their "entertainment."
There was a strike at the Phelps Dodge copper mines that started on July 30, 1983. The State of Arizona and the Federal Government got involved, on Phelps Dodge' side, of course. Miners who manned the picket lines were subject to unlawful arrests, firings and evictions from company housing. At the same time, the Arizona State Criminal Intelligence Systems Agency (ACISA) was conducting undercover surveillance everywhere in the area, using a mix of informants, wiretaps and "bugs." Apparently the union was dealing with several weapons dealers and the Arizona Department of Public Safety was trying to set up a sting operation, but they botched the whole thing when an officer "accidently" shot one of the suspects, critically wounding him. At the same time, Phelps Dodge was busy smuggling weapons into the mine and to their security people with impunity.
On the morning of August 19, 1983, military tanks, vehicles and helicopters arrived at the gates of the Morenci mine accompanied by 325 Arizona National Guard troops and 426 Arizona State Troopers. They were there to ensure that the permanent, non-union replacement workers hired to work at Morenci would be able to go to work. Within days the power of the union was broken. The strike officially ended on February 19, 1986 when the National Labor Relations Board rejected the final appeals from the union in regards to their decertification. Since that time, more than half the population of Clifton has left and most of the businesses have been shuttered.
In doing research for this page, I came across an article in Tucson Weekly from June 29, 1995, where Frank Navarette, then Director of ACISA makes the statement: "What happened during the strike doesn't fall within the definition of organized crime, but from my perspective, it's organized labor."
Clifton from New Morenci
High School or Higher: 80.5%
Bachelor's Degree or Higher: 9.2%
Graduate or Professional Degree: 4.2%
2011 Cost of Living Index for Clifton: 77.8
Estimated Median Household Income: $47,700
Estimated Median Home Value: $47,200
Median Resident Age: 31.9 Years
Population Density: 173 People per Square Mile
Mining, Educational Services, Construction, Lodging & Food Services, Health Care, Retail Services, Government, Waste Management Services, Social Services
Unemployed (March 2011): 9.1%
2010 Population Demographics
|Population by Age|
|18 & over||2,255|
|65 & over||314|
|Population by Ethnicity|
|Hispanic or Latino||1,991|
|Non Hispanic or Latino||1,320|
|Population by Race|
|Hawaiian or Pacific Islander||3|
|Two or more||171|